It’s unlikely anyone in the world has truly perfect skin. That said, a few too many blemishes can make us body-conscious when it comes to our outer layer. Here’s an ultimate guide for keeping your skin healthy and reducing any imperfections.
Spots and acne
Spots develop when our pores and hair follicles get blocked with oil and grease. Some people can overproduce oils known as sebum, which leads to a more aggressive form of spots known as acne. This can lead to permanent scarring if left untreated.
There are lots of ways of preventing outbreaks of spots. Scrubbing your face morning and night with soapy water may be enough. However, other factors can also come into play such as wearing heavy make-up on a daily basis, continuously touching your face with your hand during the day and eating unhealthy foods high in sugar and fats.
There are special remedies for spots such as tea tree and witch hazel, which can be bought in any pharmacy. You can also buy special cleansing pads to try and reduce outbreaks. For serious acne, a doctor may be able to prescribe antibiotics. There are even extreme methods such as laser surgery as available from companies such as Skn Clinics.
Skin that becomes dry and flaky can look unappealing. It can result in dandruff and a pallid look to one’s complexion. Dry skin can be the result of many factors, but is most usually a lack of oil in the skin – the very opposite of acne.
As we get older, our bodies naturally produce less sebum – our skin’s natural oil. You can usually combat dry skin by regularly applying moisturiser. There are plenty of moisturisers on the market that are all capable of doing the job.
Dry skin may also be the result of a lack of water in the skin. You should ideally aim to drink 8 cups of water a day. Not only will staying hydrated help to get rid of dry skin, it can also help to provide a rosier complexion by flushing toxins out of the body.
Eventually we all start to age and wrinkle, but it’s possible to slow down the process and stay looking youthful longer. Dry skin can lead to wrinkles, so staying hydrated and moisturising is recommended for those that want to ward of the wrinkles. By staying less dry and more elastic, skin is able to keep its smoothness longer.
Sunburn is also a leading cause of wrinkles and those who regularly seek out a tan without applying sun lotion can expect to age faster. Yes, sun lotion will cause you to tan slower, but it could be worth the benefits in the long run. You should look to put on a minimum of factor 20, although those with naturally darker skin may be able to get away with lower factor rates.
As for facial wrinkles, these can often be the result of various factors. Crows-feet wrinkles around the eyes are most commonly caused by squinting, which could be the result of not wearing sunglasses or alternatively not have enough reading light in the dark. Wrinkles under the eyes, are most commonly caused by a consistent lack of sleep combined with stress. Wrinkles around the lips meanwhile are most common in smokers (in fact, smoking can dry out the skin and promote wrinkles all over the body – in some cases adding on 10 years).
All in all, taking action in these areas could help to ward off wrinkles longer. But what if you’re already starting to get wrinkles? A number of products such as Ellanse are able to restore the skin’s natural levels of collagen, which may then have a reversing effect. There are then more drastic measures such as Botox and face-lift surgery for those who wish to go this course.
Many moles are healthy. Some can even be embraced as beauty spots. However, others can be oddly shaped and sometimes a cause for concern. Melanomas are an example of strangely shaped moles which sometimes can be cancerous.
A doctor will be able to diagnose whether a mole is dangerous or not – you may first need a scan and a doctor may potentially need a skin sample. Such a mole may be easily removable although some may need further action. Many clinics such as Augusta Oncology may be able to specialise in such treatment. Be aware that whilst the word ‘cancer’ can be scary, skin cancer is one of the more easily treatable variations.
Skin cancer is most commonly caused by sun exposure. Wearing appropriate protection when in the sun can hugely reduce the risk of all melanomas – it’s a far better reason to avoid sunburn than to simply ward off wrinkles.
Unsightly dark purple or bulging veins, most commonly found on the legs, are known as varicose veins. They can sometimes develop during pregnancy or may just be a result of age, usually as a result of bad circulation. Preventing them is difficult, although there are ways to reduce their appearance and even get rid of them.
Wearing compression stocking can reduce the swelling of these veins. You can buy these online from many places. Exercise meanwhile can further prevent these veins from appearing – although you should watch out as to which exercises you choose to do. Many short impact sports, such as skiing, running and martial arts, are thought to be bad for people with varicose veins. Swimming, cycling, walking and yoga are meanwhile good at reducing these veins, reducing the blood pressure that causes them to swell up.
There are surgery methods to get rid of these veins if you desire. Losing weight has also been known to reduce these veins.
Cellulite is a dimple effect caused by fatty deposits under the skin. Science is yet to discover what causes this, although has been known to develop as a result of pregnancy and weight gain.
Fortunately, there are many ways to get rid of cellulite. Buying a foam roller and exercising the affected part by rolling it over it can help to break up these fatty deposits under the skin. Stretching meanwhile can also have a similar effect and the likes of yoga and Tai Chi are recommended.
Your diet can help to get rid of cellulite. Sulphur-packed foods such as celery, olives and cucumber are great for promoting collagen production, which can in turn help to smooth out skin. Consuming less unhealthy fats meanwhile may help to reduce these deposits. Make sure that you are also getting lots of fruits full of antioxidants (these are also good at combating wrinkles, spots and many other skin flaws).
When the skin stretches as a result of weight gain or pregnancy, scars known as stretch marks can often form. There are several known solutions that can be rubbed onto these marks to lessen their appearance. These include aloe vera, coconut oil and sugar. This will boost the healing process, but may only be effective once the stretching has stopped (e.g. at the end of a pregnancy or once someone has stopped gaining weight).
Some clinics such as Pulse Light Clinic may even be able to provide laser surgery for getting rid of particularly bad stretch marks. That said, you should always try other natural options first as this is not totally scar-free.
Rashes and old scars
Rashes are areas of inflamed skin that are most often the result of an allergic reaction. In some cases, you may be able to avoid rashes by avoiding certain triggers, however with the likes of Eczema and other conditions, these triggers can be hard to identify. Cosmetics can sometimes be a leading cause of rashes, in which case hypoallergenic skin products may be worth buying. These can limit your choices, but will prevent rashes which could cause permanent skin damage in the long run.
As for old scars, these may have many causes. If they have refused to fully heal up until now, it may be because of how deep they were. Such scars may never heal, although products such as Bio-oil have been found to have some impact. Concealer may be another option for hiding these scars and there are all kinds of specialist products on the market for even the most prominent of scarring.