DNA kits have become very popular in the last decade for the many benefits they provide. With advancements, there are many DNA kits available on the market. It’s great to have the variety, but having so many choices can make it difficult to pick the best one for your needs. Two of the most popular DNA kits online for use are 23andMe and AncestryDNA. Here are three uses for 23andMe and AncestryDNA kits, including Y-DNA testing.
1. Autosomal Testing with 23andMe and AncestryDNA Kits
The 23andMe and AncestryDNA kits are for autosomal testing. Um, what does this mean? In plain language, these DNA kits are useful for finding a person’s family tree. In other words, you might call it a family finder. You’ll get details about your ancestral parents. These DNA kits online use the 22 pairs of human chromosomes not connected to creating the sex of the person using it.
Uses for autosomal testing include matching cousins within a family and also the distant relatives. Also, these kits can reveal your ethnic mix.
Mothers transfer her DNA strand with X-chromosomes. The kits can also test for risks of certain heritable diseases in your family’s history.
2. mtDNA Testing
What is mtDNA testing? It is the mitochondrial DNA testing. Use this test to trace back the lineage of your mother. Every mother passes one strand of her DNA to her child, and this is done with so much accuracy that the chance of any alteration in them are very bleak.
So, by using that strand, the maternal track is traceable very easily. For males and females, mtDNA testing is useful for tracing the mother’s lineage.
3. Y-DNA Testing
Y-DNA testing is a Y chromosome DNA test. In males, the sex chromosome is different than women. It has one chromosome, which is represented as Y-chromosome. Women don’t have this chromosome; so, it’s known as the male chromosome. So, Y-DNA testing is only for males. Its purpose is to trace back the father’s lineage or paternal ancestry.
The Y chromosome only transfers from father to the son. Thus, the ancestral history of the son is easy to identify.
So, now you know that Y-DNA testing is usable by males only because it depends completely on the Y-chromosome that is present solely in males. For a woman looking to find out more about her lineage with DNA kits online, check its purpose and then buy accordingly; it wouldn’t make sense to invest in Y-DNA testing.
Most people like to use the AncestryDNA kit to trace back their family tree. It takes some time, at least 6-8 weeks, to finalize the results. Meanwhile, people tend to use the 23andMe DNA kit when they want fast results. Except for the evaluation time difference, both kits are extremely useful, accurate, and reliable.
23andMe and AncestryDNA kits are among the best DNA kits online. You can find them in some online stores but make sure the provider has good credibility before making the purchase.